- Botanical Name: Elettaria cardamomum
- CAS No.: 8000-66-6
- EC No.: 288-922-1
- FEMA No.: 2241
- Flash Point (°C): 59.2
- Refractive Index: 1.4640 to 1.4680 at 20°C
- Specific Gravity: 0.9160 to 0.9472 at 25 °C
- Optical Rotation (°): +24.00 to +44.00
- Color: Pale yellow
- Solubility: Soluble in alcohol & organic solvents, insoluble in water
Native to the Indian subcontinent and Indonesia. It is also cultivated in other countries such as Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Guatemala and Tanzania, Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos, and EL Salvador. It is mainly cultivated in Coorg, Mysore, and up to some extent in Travancore. Harvesting seasons of cardamom are October to November. There are three typical kinds of cardamom grown in our country viz., Malabar, Mysore, and Ceylon type.
The oil is extracted from dried seed through steam distillation. The essential oil content in the seeds is up to 8%.
In perfumery, the cardamom oil is used as a middle note.
India was the major supplier of Cardamom in the world market till Guatemala enters into the production of cardamom. In the international market, Guatemala is one of the competitive countries to India in the production of cardamom. Guatemala, India, Srilanka, Cambodia, El Salvador, Papua New Guinea, Vietnam, Laos, and Tanzania are the major cardamom growing countries while Italy, France, and Germany are major essential oil producers in the European region.
Fresh terpene sweet-spicy peppery
Terpineol, Terpinyl Acetate, Myrcene, Limonene, Linalyl acetate, Menthone, Cineol, Linalool
~ Properties of cardamom oil are digestive, antiseptic, carminative, stimulant, analgesic, antispasmodic, antibacterial, expectorant, antifungal, and astringent. Therefore, this oil has a wide range of therapeutic applications in indigestion and nausea, respiratory health, gastrointestinal health, pain and inflammation, nervous system, gastrointestinal system, and respiratory system, etc.
~ Apart from its medical use, this oil has its application in the fields of Spices, Food, Flavour, Toothpaste, and Cosmetics industries.
This oil has numerous aromatherapy benefits for the health of skin and hair. Cardamom oil can reduce blemishes and dark spots because of its skin lightening properties. This oil also helps to improve skin complexion. This oil opens the skin pores and prevents breakouts of pimples and acne on apply cardamom oil over the face
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