- Botanical Name: Citrus bergamia
- CAS No.: 8007-75-8
- EC No.: 289-612-9 296-429-8
- FEMA No.: 2153
- Flash Point (°C): 43.0
- Refractive Index: 1.4660 to 1.4680 at 20°C
- Specific Gravity: 0.8740 to 0.8860 at 25 °C
- Optical Rotation (°): +15.00 to +34.00
- Color: Golden yellow amber clear liquid
- Solubility: Soluble in alcohol & organic solvents, insoluble in water
Bergamot is growing almost exclusively in South Italy. This tree is native to South East Asia, but it is also found in Europe, Ivory Coast, Morocco, Tunisia, and Algeria. Now a day the main growing areas worldwide are Italy which makes up around 85% of total production. In northern Africa and Turkey bergamot is grown on a very minor scale. In South-East Asia its cultivation is not common.
Bergamot is commercially grown primarily for the essential oil. The fruits ripen between December and March. Bergamot essential oil is extracted from the peel of the ripe fruit. The oil yield varies from 2 to 4%.
In perfumery, oil is used as a top note. Production of Bergamot oil is commercially important because it is one of the ingredients in the famous Eau de Cologne and ingredient in the perfume industry especially in Deo and Spray perfume. Today, bergamot is a key ingredient in more than 50% of all fine fragrances and 75% in spray perfume worldwide. It is considered one of the important because of its refreshing aroma.
Bergamot Essential Oil smells citrusy with underlying floral.
Limonene, Linalool, Linalyl Acetate, Sabinene, Gamma-Terpinene, Bergapten
~ The constituents of bergamot oil work as Antiseptic, analgesic, anthelmintic, antidepressant, and antispasmodic.
~ Bergamot oil is one of the ingredients in the Eau de Cologne.
~ It is used in almost all fine fragrance for personal and home care products.
It is used in aromatherapy, for the relief of pain and symptoms associated with stress-induced anxiety and depression. Bergamot oil creates a feeling of freshness, soothe nerves, and reduce nervous tension anxiety, and stress.
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